An over rate is the average number of overs bowled per hour by the bowling team in cricket. When calculated by Test match officials, allowances are made for wickets taken (2 mins per wicket), drinks breaks (4 mins each), UDRS reviews, treatment for injuries, and other reasons, which means the figure is higher than if calculated simply as the number of overs bowled divided by the number of hours of play.
In the highest levels of cricket, bowling sides are expected to achieve a minimum over rate. Bowling teams that have failed to achieve the minimum over rate have had points deducted, the players fined, or the captain suspended for future matches. It has been suggested that penalty runs could be imposed.
In ODIs, bowling sides are expected to bowl the 50 overs in 3.5 hours, equivalent to a minimum over rate of 14.28 overs per hour.
In T20Is, bowling sides are expected to bowl the 20 overs in 1 hour 25 minutes, equivalent to a minimum over rate of 14.11 overs per hour.
Notable over rate penalties
In the 2019–21 ICC World Test Championship, Australia were deducted 4 points for a slow over rate in the second Test against India on 29 December 2020. This ended up resulting in Australia not qualifying for the final, as it reduced their final percentage of points won from 70% (336/480) to 69.2% (332/480). This put them below New Zealand, who achieved 70%. Australia would have finished above New Zealand, in 2nd place, and thus qualified for the final, if the two countries had tied on 70%, due to Australia's superior Runs Per Wicket Ratio.
- "Over-rate definitions". yourdictionary.com. Retrieved 8 August 2020.
(cricket) The average number of overs completed per hour
- "ICC Men's Test Match Playing Conditions Effective 1 September 2019". International Cricket Council. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
12.9.1 The minimum over rate to be achieved in Test Matches shall be 15 overs per hour.
- "ICC Men's Test Match Playing Conditions Effective 1 September 2019". International Cricket Council. Section 12.9 Minimum Over Rates. Retrieved 8 August 2020.
- "South Africa docked six WTC points, fined 60% match fees for slow over rate". ESPN. 27 January 2020. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
- "Cricket Discipline Commission upholds Middlesex's two-point penalty". ECB. 17 October 2017. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
The two-point deduction from Middlesex CCC for a slow over rate will stand... it is noted that the requirement of 16 overs per hour is a minimum rate
- "India cop over-rate fine for the second time in two matches". ESPN. 3 February 2020. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
After picking up a first over-rate offence in nearly six years, India have got two in two games, with the team fined 20 percent of their match fees for a slow over-rate in the fifth and final T20I against New Zealand.
- "Cook handed one-match suspension". ESPN. 4 December 2014. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
Alastair Cook will miss the fourth one-day international against Sri Lanka after being handed a one-match suspension for England's slow over-rate in Hambantota on Wednesday.
- "World Cricket Committee endorses run penalties to keep over-rates in check". Wisden. 12 August 2019. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
"The committee feels that in-match five-run penalties would be the best deterrent to slow over rates," a statement said.
- "ICC Men's One Day International Playing Conditions Effective 1 August 2019" (PDF). International Cricket Council. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
12.7.1 To be determined by the Home Board subject to there being 2 sessions of 3.5 hours each... 12.8.1 The minimum over rate to be achieved in ODI Matches shall be 14.28 overs per hour.
- "ICC Men's Twenty20 International Playing Conditions Effective 28 October 2019". International Cricket Council. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
12.7.1 To be determined by the Home Board subject to there being 2 sessions of 1 hour 25 minutes each... 12.8.1 The minimum over rate to be achieved in T20I Matches shall be 14.11 overs per hour.
- "Middlesex: Somerset 'preparing legal case' against ECB if points deduction reversed". BBC Sport. October 12, 2017.
- "India vs Zimbabwe, 8th Match, Leicester, May 19 1999, ICC World Cup". ESPNcricinfo. 19 May 1999.
- "How Australia can reach World Test Championship final". cricket.com.au. 3 February 2021. Retrieved 5 February 2021.
Australia's tardy over rate against India in this summer's Boxing Day Test has come back to bite them and could well cost them a spot in the World Test Championship (WTC) final... Had Australia not lost those four WTC points for their over rate offences, their PCT rises to 70 and they would be tied with New Zealand. However, the Australians hold a better "runs per wicket" ratio which the ICC uses as its first tiebreaker, putting Australia into second spot – and a place in the WTC final.